For seniors who have just retired, moving to Medicare from an employer health insurance plan poses a challenge. Most people have experience with employer plans, which provide limited insurance choices, and companies pay a large (if shrinking) share of total health insurance costs. In contrast, Medicare has many choices to weigh, the premiums can be steep, and there may be no one to help you decide the best Medicare coverage to get.
Below are 5 very helpful tips from an article at Money.com that can help smooth the difficult transition.
No. 1: There is no family plan in Medicare. While you can typically cover both you and your spouse through a single workplace plan, each spouse needs to have his or her own Medicare coverage. Odds are that you have differing health and prescription-drug needs, and thus you perhaps should have different Medicare policies as well.
Make sure you understand when each of you must sign up for Medicare; that is usually at 65, but it can be later if you are covered by a workplace plan from an employer at which one of you is currently working.
And what if you are a retiree whose retiree health plan also covers a younger spouse? If the spouse has not yet turned 65, the plan probably will continue to be that spouse’s primary payer of covered health insurance claims. Check to be sure. If children are covered, their options should be understood as well.
No. 2: A cap on out-of-pocket costs isn’t automatic. Most employer plans have annual limits on your out-of-pocket health expenses. By contrast, Original Medicare pays 80% of covered expenses, with no cap on what you might have to pay. Medigap and Medicare Advantage policies have out-of-pocket safeguards.
There’s not a big difference between private insurance and Medicare when a person has purchased either a Medigap or Medicare Advantage plan. However, if a person has only Original Medicare (Parts A and B) and a stand-alone Part D drug plan, there can be a large fall-off in coverage and increase in your costs when leaving the employer plan.
No. 3: Be strategic in scheduling some procedures. You should compare your out-of-pocket costs under your employer coverage to what you’ll face under Medicare. You may, for example, fare better with Medicare’s hospitalization coverage than in a commercial plan. This could influence your decision about when to get an elective surgery.
Alternatively, if your employer plan has superior protection, it might make sense to use it more heavily before moving to Medicare.
No. 4: Wellness features may be different. Medicare has a broad range of free wellness services. Employer plans generally offer similar benefits for routine items. However, Medicare’s provisions may be superior when it comes to helping people with chronic health issues and more sophisticated care needs.
Further, Medicare’s programs tend to offer more in-person care from health professionals, while commercial programs often depend on telephone advice services.
No. 5: A little research may help limit your drug costs under Medicare. You have relatively little control over the drugs covered by your employer health plan or what you will have to pay for them. Medicare Part D prescription drug plans, by contrast, are offered by private insurers. Most people can use a Medicare tool to compare the plans offered where they live to find the best fit.
Doing your Part D homework might provide better and cheaper coverage than through your employer plan.